How To Maintain an Axe – Keep Your Tool Sharp and Safe

An axe is a versatile and essential tool for various outdoor activities, such as chopping wood for a fire, clearing brush, or even for woodworking projects. To ensure your axe remains effective and safe to use, regular maintenance is crucial. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to properly maintain your axe, keeping it sharp and in excellent condition.

Tools and Materials You’ll Need:

  1. Axe
  2. File or sharpening stone
  3. Honing oil or water (if using a sharpening stone)
  4. A wooden block or vise
  5. A flat file (optional)
  6. Sandpaper (optional)
  7. Boiled linseed oil or axe handle treatment (for wooden handles)
  8. Rags or paper towels
  9. Safety goggles and gloves

Step 1: Safety First Before you begin any maintenance work on your axe, ensure your safety by wearing goggles and gloves. Sharp tools can cause accidents, so be cautious throughout the process.

Step 2: Inspect Your Axe Examine your axe for any signs of damage, such as cracks, chips, or bent edges. If you notice any significant issues, it’s best to consult a professional or replace the axe head. Minor nicks and dents can be repaired during the sharpening process.

Step 3: Secure the Axe Head To maintain stability while sharpening, secure the axe head using a vise or by driving it securely into a wooden block. This will prevent any unwanted movement during maintenance.

Step 4: Sharpen the Axe Blade a. File or Sharpening Stone: Depending on your preference, you can use either a file or a sharpening stone to sharpen the blade. Hold the file or stone at the correct angle, typically around 20-25 degrees, and move it along the edge of the blade in smooth, even strokes. Be consistent in your movements to maintain an even edge.

b. Sharpening Direction: Always sharpen from the bit (the cutting edge) towards the poll (the back of the axe). Stroke away from the axe head, not towards it.

c. Use Lubrication: If you’re using a sharpening stone, apply honing oil or water to keep the stone lubricated, which helps prevent overheating and extends the life of the stone.

Step 5: Check for a Burr After sharpening, run your fingertip gently along the edge to check for a burr. A burr is a raised metal edge created during sharpening. Remove it by gently filing or stroking it with the sharpening stone.

Step 6: Handle Maintenance If your axe has a wooden handle, inspect it for cracks or splinters. Sand down any rough spots and apply boiled linseed oil or axe handle treatment to keep the wood in good condition.

Step 7: Final Cleaning Wipe the axe head clean with a rag or paper towel to remove any metal shavings or debris. Ensure that the axe head is dry and free from oil or moisture before storing it.

Step 8: Storage Store your axe in a cool, dry place, preferably hanging it on a wall or in a protective sheath to prevent accidents and keep it in optimal condition.


Regular maintenance of your axe ensures it remains a reliable and safe tool for your outdoor activities. With proper care, your axe will continue to serve you well for years to come. Remember to prioritize safety throughout the maintenance process, and your axe will stay sharp and ready whenever you need it.

Related- How To Store An Axe?

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